Makar Sankranti | Celebration, Significance, History

Makar Sankranti, Overview


Makara Sankranti or Maghi is a competition day within the Hindu calendar, devoted to the deity Surya (solar). It is noticed every year within the lunar month of Magha which corresponds with the month of January as per the Gregorian calendar and is a day the individuals of India have a good time their harvest. It marks the primary day of the solar's transit into Makara (Capricorn), marking the top of the month with the winter solstice and the beginning of longer days.

Makara Sankranti is among the few historical Indian festivals that has been noticed in accordance with photovoltaic cycles, whereas most festivals are set by the lunar cycle of the lunisolar Hindu calendar. Being a competition that celebrates the photo voltaic cycle, it virtually at all times falls on the identical Gregorian date yearly besides in some years when the date shifts by a day for that yr.

The festivities related to Makar Sankranti are identified by numerous names, resembling Magh Bihu in Assam, Maghi (preceded by Lohri) in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, widespread amongst each the Hindus and Sikhs, Sukarat in central India, Thai Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Ghughuti in Uttarakhand or just as 'Makara Sankranti' in Odisha, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh (additionally known as Pedda Pandaga), Telangana, West Bengal (additionally known as Poush Sankranti) and Uttar Pradesh (additionally known as Khichdi Sankranti)

Makara Sankranti is noticed with social festivities resembling colorful decorations, rural kids going home to deal with, singing and asking for treats in some areas, festivals, dances, kite flying, bonfires, and feasts. The Magha Mela, in accordance with Diana L. Eck, is talked about within the Hindu epic Mahabharat. Many observers go to sacred rivers or lakes and bathe in a ceremony of due to the solar. Every twelve years the Hindus observe Makar Sankranti with one of many world's largest mass pilgrimages, with an estimated 40 to 100 million individuals attending the occasion. At this occasion, then they are saying a prayer to the solar and bathe on the Prayaga confluence of the River Ganga and River Yamuna on the Kumbha Mela, a convention attributed to Adi Shankaracharya.

Makar Sankranti Significance

Every yr Makar Sankranti is well known within the month of January to mark the winter solstice. It can also be one of many largely celebrated Hindu festivals of India which is well known in another way in numerous cultures however the frequent apply on the day of Makar Sankranti is flying colorful kites. This competition is devoted to the Hindu spiritual solar god Surya. This significance of Surya is traceable to the Vedic texts, notably the Gayatri Mantra, a sacred hymn of Hinduism present in its scripture named the Rigveda.

Makara Sankranti is considered vital for non-secular practices and accordingly, individuals take a holy dip in rivers, particularly Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri. The bathing is believed to lead to benefit or absolution of previous sins. They additionally pray to the solar and thank for his or her successes and prosperity. A shared cultural application discovered amongst Hindus of assorted elements of India is making sticky, certain sweets notably from sesame and a sugar base resembling jaggery. This kind of candy is a symbolism for being collectively in peace and joyfulness, regardless of the individuality and variations between people. For most elements of India, this era is part of the early levels of the Rabi crop and agricultural cycle, the place crops have been sown and the exhausting work within the fields is generally over. The time thus signifies an interval of socializing and households having fun with one another's firm, taking good care of the cattle, and celebrating around bonfires, in Maharashtra the competition is well known by flying kites.

Makara Sankranti is a vital pan-Indian photovoltaic competition, identified by totally different names although noticed on the identical date, typically for a number of dates across the Makar Sankranti. It is named Pedda Panduga in Andhra Pradesh, Makara Sankranti in Karnataka and Maharashtra, Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Magh Bihu in Assam, Magha Mela in elements of central and north India, as Makar Sankranti within the west, Maghara value in Kerala, and by different names. In some elements of India, it's believed {that a} demon was killed on that day.

Why is Makar Sankranti celebrated?

Makar Sankranti like different festivals additionally has its personal historic and spiritual significance in India. Let us see how is it celebrated, why is it celebrated, and so forth.

Makar Sankranti is well known on a set date that's 14 January yearly. It additionally marks the termination of the Winter season and the start of a brand new harvest season.
It is devoted to Lord Sun. It additionally refers to a particular photovoltaic day within the Hindu calendar. On this auspicious day, the solar enters the zodiac signal of Capricorn or Makar which marks the top of winter month and the beginning of longer days. This is the start of the month of Magh. To recompense for the excellence that occurs because of the revolution across the solar, each 80 years the day of Sankranti is deferred by in the future. From the day of Makar Sankranti, the solar begins its northward journey or Uttarayan journey. Therefore, this competition is often known as Uttarayan.

History of Makar Sankranti

Sankranti is deemed a Deity. As per the legend, Sankranti killed a satan named Sankarasur. The day subsequent to Makar Sankrant known as Karidin or Kinkrant. On today, Devi slayed the satan Kinkarasur. The info of Makar Sankranti is offered in Panchang. The Panchang is the Hindu Almanac that gives info on the age, kind, clothes, path, and motion of Sankranti.

Makar Sankranti Celebration


Makar Sankranti is well known throughout the nation in several methods and the cultural significance of the competition varies geographically as we transfer from one state to a different, with each state celebrating and welcoming the brand new season of harvest in their very own indigenous method.

What makes the competition stand aside from the opposite Indian Hindu Festivals is the truth that the date of Makar Sankranti is mounted. Makar means Capricorn and Sankranti is transition.

There is a Sankranti each month when the solar passes from one signal of the zodiac to the subsequent. The widespread Indian competition “Makar Sankranti” is the primary Indian competition that falls in New Year.

It is among the main Indian harvest competition celebrated on the 14th of January of yearly. It’s a vital competition of the Hindus and celebrated virtually all over the place within the nation in myriad cultural types and totally different names. Every area celebrates it in innumerable methods, in accordance with the localization, tradition, and traditions.

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