Swamimalai Murugan Temple - History, Festivals, Architecture

Swamimalai Murugan Temple, Overview

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Swamimalai Swaminathaswamy Temple is a Hindu temple devoted to god Murugan. It is positioned in Swamimalai, 5 km from Kumbakonam, on the banks of a tributary of river Kaveri in Thanjavur District, 250 km from Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is likely one of the six holy shrines of Murugan referred to as Arupadaiveedu. The shrine of the presiding deity, Swaminathaswamy is positioned atop a 60 ft hillock and the shrine of his mom Meenakshi (Parvathi) and father Shiva (Sundareswarar) is positioned downhill. The temple has three gopurams, three precincts, and sixty steps and everyone is known as after the sixty Tamil years. The temple has six each day rituals at varied instances from 5:30 a.m. to 9 p.m., and three yearly festivals on its calendar. The annual Vaikasi Visagam competition is attended by 1000's of devotees from far and close to.

As per Hindu legend, Muruga, the son of Shiva, extolled the which means of the Pranava Mantra to his father at this place and therefore attained the identity Swaminathaswamy. The temple is believed to be in existence from the Sangam interval from 2nd century BC and was believed to have been modified and rebuilt by Parantaka Chola I. The temple was enormously broken in the course of the Anglo-French warfare between Hyder Ali and British in 1740. The temple, in trendy instances, is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu.

Legend and Historical Past

As per Hindu legend, Brahma, the Hindu god of creation, disrespected Muruga (the son of Shiva) at the time of visiting Mount Kailash, the abode of Shiva. The youngster Muruga obtained indignant with Brahma and requested him how he was creating residing beings. Brahma stated that he was creating residing beings with the assistance of the Vedas (Hindu scriptures). On listening to the reply, Muruga requested Brahma to recite the texts from Vedas. Brahma began to recite the textual content with the holy phrase referred to as Pranav Mantra, "Om". At that point, Muruga stopped Brahma and requested him to elucidate the which means of the Pranava Mantra. Brahma didn't anticipate such a query from the kid and couldn't reply. Muruga knocked Brahma on his brow along with his clenched fists and punished him with imprisonment. Muruga took up the function of the creator. The Devas had been stunned by the absence of Brahma they usually requested Vishnu to barter with Muruga to launch Brahma. Vishnu couldn't assist and because the final resort, Shiva went to the rescue of Brahma.

Shiva got here to Muruga and requested him to launch Brahma from imprisonment. Muruga refused to launch him stating Brahma was unaware of the which means of the Om. Shiva requested Muruga to elucidate the which means and Muruga extolled to Shiva the which means of Om. Shiva behaved like a scholar to an instructor, listening with rapt consideration from his son, giving Muruga the identity "Swaminatha Swami". The which means of this identity is "The Teacher of Shiva". Following the legend, the shrine of the son Muruga is atop the hillock, whereas the daddy Shiva's shrine is positioned within the basement.

As per the Kanda Puranam, as soon as all sages and gods assembled in Kailash to witness the marriage of Shiva with Parvathi. It resulted in the tilting of the earth in a single course. Shiva requested sage Agasthya to maneuver in the direction of the South to steadiness the lean. Agastya employed a demon by identify Ettumba to hold two hills in his shoulders to be positioned within the South. The demon carried the hills down south and rested in a spot. When he tried to carry one of many hills, it did not budge and he discovered a younger man standing on the high of the hill not permitting it to be moved. The demon tried to assault the younger man however was smitten. Sage Agastya recognized the younger man as Karthikeya and requested him to pardon the demon. Karthikeya readily did so and let the hill stay there at Pazhani. It is a observe adopted within the trendy instances the place individuals carry milk in each their shoulders as a devotion to please Karthikeya. The demon carried the opposite hill to Swamimalai.


In Swamimalai, Muruga is named "Balamurugan" and "Swaminatha Swami". The temple is constructed on a man-made hill. In Tamil language, such a man-made hill is named "Kattu Malai". Another identity for this place is "Thiruveragam". The temple has three gopurams and three precincts. Out of the three precincts, one is positioned within the basement, the second at halfway to the highest of the hillock and the third on the hillock, across the sanctum of the Swaminathaswamy shrine. There are sixty steps and everyone is known as after the sixty Tamil years. The first thirty steps result in the second precinct of the temple. The picture of Swaminathaswamy is 6 ft tall. There are golden armors, golden crowns and a diamond lance for Swaminathaswamy. There is a shrine of Vinayagar outdoors the primary precinct. The central shrine homes the granite picture of Swaminathaswamy. The first precinct has photos of Dakshinamurthy, Durga, Chandikeswarar and the competition picture of Swaminathaswamy. The photos of Sundaresawar as lingam (Shiva) and Meenakshi (Parvathi) are positioned downhill and the primary precinct around their shrines has the photographs of Dakshinamurthy, Durga, Chandikeswarar, and Navagrahas. The second precinct and the most important one of many temple homes a wedding corridor and the chariot of the temple. The temple is likely one of the most visited temples within the district. The unique animal mount of Murugan is believed to have been an elephant, in comparison with the peacock which is taken into account to be the most typical amount. The white elephant is taken into account a strong, terror hanging animal. The iconography is maintained solely in two locations, particularly, this temple and Tiruttani Murugan Temple. Unlike different Murugan temples, the place peacock is sported axial to the picture of the presiding deity, an elephant is seen in the entrance of Murugan within the temple.

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10-day Tirukarthikai competition in November-December is the necessary competition of the Temple drawing a crowd in lakhs. 10-day Chithirai Brahammotsavam in April-May, Vaikasi Visagam in May-June, Aavani Pavithrotsavam in August-September, 10-day Navarathri in September-October, Aipasi Skanda Sashti in October-November, 10-day Margazhi Tiruvadirai in December-January, Thai Poosam in January-February, Panguni Valli Kalyanam in March-April are the opposite festivals celebrated within the temple. Of these, the festivals falling in Chithirai, Karthikai and Thai Tamil months are inaugurated with flag hoisting. Tirupati competition for the steps is widely known on the English New Year day. Also, month-to-month Kruthika star days, Monthly Tamil new days, New moon and full moon days, Sashti days, Visakam star days, Tamil and English New Year days, Deepavali and Pongal are devotionally celebrated within the temple. The crowd within the temple is large on Tuesdays and all competition days.

Temple's Speciality 

Lord Muruga graces devotees in His greatest apparel. He seems with a ripe, sensible and philosophical look in the course of the vibuthi (sacred ash) abishek, an imposing Balasubramania in Sandal abishek. If one intently observes the sanctum sanctorum, the Peeta – stage- on which the Lord stands seems just like the Shivlinga Avudayar and the Lord as Shivalinga itself. This represents the philosophy that Lord Shiva and Lord Muruga are however one and never completely different from one another. In the place of the normal peacock earlier than the Lord, there's an elephant right here, which was gifted by Indira after the destruction of demon Harikesa, in accordance with scriptures.

Opening Time

The temple is open from 5.00 a.m. to 11.00 a.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to eight.00 p.m.

Greatness Of Temple 

Swamimalai is the 4th Padiaveedu (military camp) of Lord Muruga. This is the place He taught His Father, Himself-Lord Shiva. Six toes tall Lord Muruga graces with His tuft, sacred thread on the chest and employees in the appropriate hand and the left on the lap. It is His Vel weapon that created the Nethra theertha within the temple. He graces in meditation type as a Guru.

He graces with the Vajra Vel representing three divine powers – Itcha Shakti, Gnana Shakti, and Kriya Shakti. Mother Earth worshipped Lord Muruga for aid from a curse of Mother Parvathi and even after realizing Her boon, She is staying right here within the type of a gooseberry tree.

Swamimalai temple is praised within the hymns of Arunagiriar’s Tirupugazh and in Tirumugattrupadai by poet Nakkeerar thought of because the invocation tune in Sangam Tamil literature version. Brahmma, Bhoomadevi, Indira worshipped the Lord on this temple. As the Lord was a Guru to His personal Father Lord Shiva, the place is revered as Gurumalai, Gurugiri.

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