Sun Temple Konark - Timings, History, Architecture

Overview, Sun Temple Of Konark

Sun Temple Konark - Timings, History, Architecture

Konark Sun Temple (Surya Mandira) is a 13th-century CE Sun Temple at Konark about 35 kilometers northeast from Puri on the shoreline of Odisha, India. The temple is attributed to king Narasinga Deva I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty about 1250 CE.

Dedicated to the Hindu Sun God Surya, what stays of the temple complicated has the looks of a 100-foot excessive chariot with immense wheels and horses, all carved from stone. Once over 200 ft excessive, a lot of the temple is now in ruins, specifically, the massive shikhara tower over the sanctuary; at one time this rose a lot increased than the mandapa that continues to be. The constructions and components which have survived are famed for his or her intricate artwork, iconography, and themes, together with erotic kama and mithuna scenes. Also referred to as the Surya Devalaya, it's a traditional illustration of the Odisha fashion of Architecture or Kalinga Architecture.

The reason for the destruction of the Konark temple is unclear and stays a supply of controversy. Theories vary from pure harm to deliberate destruction of the temple in the middle of being sacked a number of occasions by Muslim armies between the 15th and 17th centuries. This temple was referred to as the "Black Pagoda" in European sailor accounts as early as 1676 as a result of its nice tower appeared black. Similarly, the Jagannath Temple in Puri was referred to as the "White Pagoda". Both temples served as vital landmarks for sailors within the Bay of Bengal. The temple that exists at this time was partially restored by the conservation efforts of British India-era archaeological groups. Declared a UNESCO world heritage website in 1984, it stays a serious pilgrimage website for Hindus, who collect right here yearly for the Chandrabhaga Mela across the month of February.

Konark Sun Temple Location

The Konark Sun Temple is positioned in an eponymous village about 35 kilometers northeast of Puri and 65 kilometers southeast of Bhubaneswar on the Bay of Bengal shoreline within the Indian state of Odisha. The nearest airport is Bhubaneswar Airport. Both Puri and Bhubaneswar are main railway hubs related by Indian Railways' Southeastern providers.

Konark Sun Temple: History

Konark Sun Temple dates again to 1250 AD. The development of the temple is credited to King Narasimhadeva I, a warrior and monarch of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty. This large temple was constructed close to a previous temple devoted to Surya, the Sun God. Inscriptions courting again to the period point out that the sculpture in that older temple was re-consecrated into the brand new temple. It is believed that this elaborately carved temple was constructed over an interval of 12 and with the assistance of 12,000 artisans.

Several historical texts eulogize the marvelous great thing about Konark Sun Temple, which was a lively place of worship till at the least the center of the 16th century. However, the grand construction wasn’t capable of escape the harm and destruction attributable to time. It is just not clear as to what brought about its large-scale destruction to the extent that the principle temple construction was utterly ruined. Some historians counsel that the temple was broken on account of pure causes whereas some others suggest that the temple was deliberately broken by Muslim invaders, primarily Kalapahad, a normal of Gour Sultanate. Whatever be the trigger, the temple suffered in depth harm between 1556 and 1800.

During the final a part of the 18th century, an ornamented pillar referred to as Aruna Stambha was relocated from Konark Sun Temple to the well-known Jagannath Temple in Puri, which stands there to today. The current portion of the temple was partially restored by the archaeological groups of the British-era. The temple was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984.

Konark Sun Temple Architecture

The temple is thought for its spectacular Kalinga structure that features a depiction of a 100 ft excessive chariot being pulled by horses and wheels carved out of a single stone. The monument portrays the imposing chariot of the solar god. Built of Khondalite rocks, the unique temple had 230 ft excessive sanctum which not exists, 128 ft excessive viewers corridor, dance corridor, eating corridor which survive nonetheless. There are 24 intricately designed wheels, 12 ft in diameter that are seen drawn by horses. These seven horses symbolize the week, the wheels stand for the 12 months whereas the day-cycle is symbolized by the eight spokes within the wheels. And this complete depiction tells how the time is managed by the solar – is the very illustration of the Surya within the Hindu mythology traveling from the east in his chariot escorted by his charioteer, Aruna.

The entrance results in the shrine of the deity of Surya manufactured from chlorite stone. The partitions of the temple are adorned with reliefs – intricate carvings of assorted figures together with Hindu gods, photos of them on a regular basis mortal life, birds, animals and extra. The temple additionally has erotic sculptures on its shikhara belonging to the tantra custom. The wheels of the temple can be utilized as sundials and may very effectively predict the time.

Mayadevi Temple

Discovered in 1909 through the excavations, it lies to the west of the Sun temple. A vital temple within the complicated that is devoted to Mayadevi - the spouse of Surya, the temple is older than the Sun temple constructed across the 11th century. Its sanctum homes a Nataraja, and different chambers of the temple have idols of Surya with Vishnu, Vayu, Agni. The temple was thought of by some as one other temple made to worship solar god however, just a few images that it was devoted to the spouse of Surya.

Konark Sun Temple Timings

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