Somnath Temple to Dwarka | History, Festivals, Timing

Somnath Temple in Gujarat


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The Somnath temple situated in Prabhas Patan close to Junagadh in Saurashtra on the western coast of Gujarat, India is believed to be the primary among the many twelve jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. It is a crucial pilgrimage and vacationer spot of Gujarat. Reconstructed a number of instances prior to now after repeated destruction by a number of Muslim invaders and rulers, the current temple was reconstructed in the Chaulukya model of Hindu temple structure and accomplished in May 1951. The reconstruction began below the orders of the Home Minister of India Vallabhbhai Patel and accomplished after his demise.

History

The website of Somnath has been a pilgrimage website from historic instances on account of being a Triveni Sangam. Soma, the Moon-god, is believed to have misplaced his luster because of a curse, and he bathed within the Sarasvati River at this website to regain it. The result's the waxing and waning of the moon, little doubt an allusion to the waxing and waning of the tides at this seashore location. The title of the city Prabhas, that means luster, in addition to the choice names Someshvar and Somnath come up from this custom.

History of The Temple

According to in style custom documented by J. Gordon Melton, the primary Shiva temple at Somnath is believed to have been constructed at some unknown time prior to now. The second temple is alleged to have been constructed on the identical website by the "Yadava kings" of Vallabhi around 649 CE. In 725 CE, Al-Junayd, the Arab governor of Sindh is alleged to have destroyed the second temple as a part of his invasions of Gujarat and Rajasthan. The Gurjara-Pratihara king Nagabhata II is alleged to have constructed the third temple in 815 CE, a big construction of purple sandstone.
                    
However, there's a historic file of an assault on Somnath by Al-Junayd. Nagabhata II is understood to have visited tirthas in Saurashtra, together with Someshvara, which can or might not be a reference to a Shiva temple due to the city itself was recognized by that title. The Chalukyas king Mularaja probably constructed the primary temple on the website someday earlier than 997 CE, though some historians consider that he could have renovated a smaller earlier temple.

In 1024, in the course of the reign of Bhima I, the distinguished Turkic Muslim ruler Mahmud of Ghazni raided Gujarat, plundering the Somnath temple and breaking its jyotirlinga regardless of pleas by Brahmins to not break it. He took away a booty of 20 million dinars. Historians count on the injury to the temple by Mahmud to have been minimal as a result of there are not any information of pilgrimages to the temple until 1038, for 12 years no pilgrim because of damages, However, highly effective legends with intricate element developed within the Turko-Persian literature concerning Mahmud's raid, which "electrified" the Muslim world in keeping with scholar Meenakshi Jain. They later boasted that Mahmud had killed 50,000 devotees. The devotees had tried to defend the temple from being vandalized and looted.

The temple at the time of Mahmud's assault seems to have been a wood construction, which is alleged to have decayed in time. Kumarapala a Jain king rebuilt it in "excellent stone and studded it with jewels," in keeping with an inscription in 1169.

The temple was once more destroyed by the Delhi Sultanate's military in 1299 CE. During its 1299 invasion of Gujarat, Alauddin Khalji's military, led by Ulugh Khan, defeated the Vaghela king Karna and sacked the Somnath temple. Legends within the later texts Kanhadade Prabandha and Kyat state that the Jalore ruler Kanhadadeva later recovered the Somnath idol and freed the Hindu prisoners, after an assault on the Delhi military close to Jalore. However, different sources state that the idol was taken to Delhi, the place it was thrown to be trampled below the toes of Muslims. These sources embody the modern and near-contemporary texts together with Amir Khusrau's Khazainul-Futuh, Ziauddin Barani's Tarikh-i-Firuz Shahi and Jinaprabha Suri's Vividha-Tirtha-Kalpa. It is feasible that the story of Kanhadadeva's rescue of the Somnath idol is a fabrication by the later writers. Alternatively, it's attainable that the Khalji military was taking a number of idols to Delhi, and Kanhadadeva's military retrieved one in all of them.

The temple was rebuilt by Mahipala I, the Chudasama king of Saurashtra in 1308 and the lingam was put in by his son Khengara someday between 1331 and 1351. As of late because of the 14th century, Gujarati Muslim pilgrims had been famous by Amir Khusrow to cease at that temple to pay their respects earlier than departing for the Hajj pilgrimage.

In 1395, the temple was destroyed for the third time by Zafar Khan, the final governor of Gujarat below the Delhi Sultanate and later founding father of Gujarat Sultanate. In 1451, it was desecrated by Mahmud Begada, the Sultan of Gujarat.

By 1665, the temple, one in all many, was ordered to be destroyed by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. In 1701, he ordered the destruction of the temple in such a fashion that it could be reconstructed once more. So, the temple was destroyed and a mosque was constructed at its place in 1706.

Darshan Timing 

Darshan Timing is from 6 AM to 9.30PM.
Aarti Timings : Morning = 7:00 Am, 12:00Noon, 7:00Pm.
Light And Sound Show Timing = 8 To 9.
(Except in the Monsoon / Rainy Season).

Festivals

Somnath Mahadeo Fair (November)

This great fair is said to celebrate the birth of Kartikeya, son of LORD SHIVA, and features stage shows, folk dances, and instrumental music in the spectacular setting of Somnaths shore temple which is also one of Shivas twelve jyotirlingas.

The Structure of The Current Temple

The current temple is constructed within the Chaulukya model of temple structure or "Kailash Mahameru Prasad" model and displays the talent of the Sompura Salats, one in all Gujarat's grasp masons. The temple's śikhara, or primary spire, is 15 meters in the top, and it has a The 8.2-meter tall flag pole on the prime.

The temple is located at such a spot that there isn't a land in a straight line between Somnath seashore till Antarctica, such an inscription in Sanskrit is discovered on the Bāṇastambha erected on the sea-protection wall. The Bāṇastambha mentions that it stands at a degree on the Indian landmass that's the first level on land within the north to the South Pole at that individual longitude.

Contact Trust of Somnath

Shree Somnath Trust

C / 12-A, Shree Om Villa Apartment
F.C.I. Godown Road,
Shahibaug, Ahmedabad -380 004
GUJARAT, INDIA.

Phone and Fax No.: +91-79-22686335
Phone No.: +91-79-22686442,
Email: somnathad1@sancharnet.in



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